• Antigua

  • Antigua

  • Antigua

The city of La Antigua Guatemala is head of the homonymous municipality and the department of Sacatepequez, Guatemala.
Today Antigua is noted for its very elaborate religious celebrations during Holy Week, which precedes Easter.
Sunset

Since its foundation was named Santiago de los Caballeros and June 10, 1566 King Philip II granted it the "Very Noble and Very Loyal City of Santiago de los Caballeros Goathemala" title (still Goathemala his previous writing).

It is renowned for its well-preserved Spanish Renaissance architecture with baroque facades of the New World, as well as a large number of ruined churches. It has been designated a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1979.

Coffee Characteristics

The Antigua region produces well known and highly rated specialty coffees that rank with the most flavorful and nuanced coffees in the world.
Antigua is internationally renowned for its high-quality coffees and probably the best known coffee region.  This region is located between three volcanoes in a valley with a climate perfect for cultivating coffee.  The soils are young and optimal for coffee.  The wet and dry seasons are defined for uniform maturation.  The temperature ranges from 19-22 C (66.2-71.6°F) and the altitude is between 4,600 and 5,600 feet.  Annual rainfall is between 800-1,200 mm and the humidity is constant at 65%. 

Rich volcanic soil, plenty of sun, relatively low humidity and rather cool nights characterize the Antigua coffee region. This valley is surrounded by 3 volcanoes, Agua, Fuego and Acatenango.  Volcanic pumice in the soil retains moisture that supports to offset Antigua’s low rainfall.  Also, in Antigua, shade is particularly dense to protect the coffee plants from occasional frost.

Bourbon, Caturra, and Catuai coffee beans are grown in this region and harvested between January and mid-March.
Antigua coffee is described as having a full and velvety body, a rich and lively aroma, a fine chocolaty acidity and a very sweet taste.
Antigua Coffee® cup profile
(NOTE : This is a general profile of this region.  The cupping scores will be VERY different from each farm of the region)

History

The city, whose original name was Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala, competed with cities such as Mexico, Puebla de Zaragoza, Lima, Quito and Potosi. However, the special circumstances of the earthquakes on July 29, 1773, in the flowering of baroque, cut its natural process of growth and change. Also, this city exerted considerable influence on the aesthetics surrounding area and much of Central America, Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua, and Chiapas, to the north.

The city was the final resting place of the great Spanish chronicler Bernal Diaz del Castillo where his remains lie in one of the ruined churches affected by earthquakes. What was his last residence and other colonial historical sites are also conserved.

Because of the two severe earthquakes, known as Santa Marta earthquakes that destroyed much of the city, the president of the Audiencia of Guatemala, Martín de Mayorga, decided it was appropriate to rebuild the city in a safer place. The New City New Guatemala of the Assumption, which is now the City of Guatemala, the present capital of Guatemala located just over 40 kilometers was called.

On February 4, 1976 was rocked by an earthquake measuring 7.5 degrees on the Richter scale, which destroyed much of the country, and caused some damage to some buildings in the city like the Palace of the Captains General and the Cathedral of San again José. During colonial times received the title of "the most beautiful city of the Indies (America)", because of its exquisite architecture.

Information and Places of Interest

Today Antigua is a cultural World Heritage Site since 1979.
Today Antigua is noted for its very elaborate religious celebrations during Holy Week, which precedes Easter.
Sunset

There are also many Spanish language schools in Antigua and is one of the most popular and best known in Latin America where U.S. and European places come to study Spanish.

San Jose Church

The former is the head of department Sacatepec, she survives the original building of the third university in America, the University of San Carlos de Borromeo, founded by royal decree of Charles II, dated January 31, 1676, now a museum headquarters and classical music concerts. University studies are published in Guatemala since the mid-sixteenth century, when the first bishop of the kingdom of Guatemala, Don Francisco Marroquin, founded the College of St. Thomas, in 1562, for poor scholarship, with the chairs of philosophy, law and theology.

Cathedral of Saint James

The first building was begun in 1545 with rubble brought the from the destroyed settlement in the valley of Almolonga. Its construction was hampered by frequent earthquakes. A second sanctuary would be inaugurated in 1680. The cathedral status was obtained in 1743. The first cathedral housed the remains of the conquistador Pedro de Alvarado who had been transferred there at the request of his daughter in 1568, but disappeared following one of the multiple earthquakes that damaged the city over the years

La Merced Church

Architect Juan de Dios Estrada was in charge of its construction, which began in 1749. The temple was inaugurated in 1767 and is from ultra baroque Guatemalan style with two bell towers.

Santo Domingo Monastery

Originally one of the most important and largest in the city, the Convent of Santo Domingo was destroyed in 1773 and abando by the transfer of the Dominicans to your site again in Guatemala City . The ruins were sold to individuals and converted into the Hotel Casa Santo Domingo in 1989. In 2013 the 43rd was held at their facilities. General Assembly of the Organization of American States .

Church and Convent of Capuchins

Originally called "Convent and Church of Our Lady of the Pond of Zaragoza", was approved by Felipe V in 1725. Construction work began in 1731 and the building was consecrated in 1736. The daily routine of the professed was governed by strict regulatory rules including the highest poverty, penance and fasting; also the descalse nuns had to survive on handouts provided by the faithful. After theSanta Marta earthquake, and although the convent was not completely affected, assets were transferred to the new Guatemala de la Asunción by order of the Captain General.