• Atitlan

  • Atitlan

  • Atitlan

The Department of Solola is located in the South West region of Guatemala.

The department has a relatively cool climate, but has a variety of climates due to its topography. The soil is naturally fertile, suitable for a variety of crops. The rainfall is 2500 - 3300 mm annual rainfall.

This apartment is nestled in the Sierra Madre, so it has a rugged landscape, with huge mountains and deep ravines. The Atitlan, San Pedro Volcano Tolimán and make it a place full of attractions.

Coffee Characteristics

Of the five volcanic coffee regions of Guatemala, Atitlan’s soil is the richest in organic matters.

This area encompasses all of the lands surrounding Lake Atitlan.  Coffee is mainly harvested on the side of the Pacific in a region of three volcanic mountains with a high precipitation.  There is no month when Atitlan will have less than 50 mm of rain.  Most producers in this region will use water from the lake for wet processing.  Instead of chemicals, organic matter is often used as a fertilizer.  The high altitude (4,000-5,900 feet) results in a low occurrence of pests and diseases.  The humidity in this area is high hovering around 70-80%.  Drying takes place almost totally in the sun, and almost 95% of the coffee is cultivated by small producers who have an average of 12 hectares. 

The majority of coffee harvested in these regions is Bourbon, but Typica, Caturra, and Catuai coffee beans are also grown.  Harvest occurs between December and March. 

Atitlan coffees are delightfully aromatic with a bright citrus acidity and full body.
Traditional Atitlán® cup profile
(NOTE : This is a general profile of this region.  The cupping scores will be VERY different from each farm of the region)

 

Solola History

As in the present territory of the department of Solola was occupied by three people, the K'iche ' and Kaqchikel tz'utujil . Until the mid- fifteenth century ( between 1425 and 1475 ) , the Quiche and Cakchiquel formed a single political and social organization. During the reign of the Great Quikab , the Cakchiquel were forced to evacuate its capital Chiavar (Today Santo Tomas Chichicastenango ) and moved to Iximché after the which fought bloody wars with the Quiche . The village tzutujil meanwhile, was forced to continually fight these two dominant peoples in the region, who alternated in constant wars and alliances to try to maintain its sovereignty defense.

In colonial times it was part of a larger territory called or Atitlan Solola province , his head was Our Lady of the Assumption or Tecpán Atitlan Solola .
It is known that the coming of the Spaniards, the Tz'utuhil had established his dominion on the shores of Lake Atitlan . Meeting at its peak at the coming of those who eventually defeated them and began to establish their domains throughout this region .


Information and Places of Interest

Solola is nestled in the Sierra Madre , so it has a rugged landscape , with huge mountains and deep ravines. The Atitlan, San Pedro Volcano Tolimán and make it a place full of attractions .
The most important hydrographic accident constitutes Solola Lake Atitlan is one of the main economic resources of the department , as well as being a very attractive resort serves much commercial support.

On the shores of Lake Atitlan volcanoes , San Pedro and Tolimán rise . The lake is 5,000 feet high and is 18km long. Its depth varies and in many points is unknown , however have been probed more than 350 m .

One of the characteristics of Lake Atitlan , is known as a strong wind Xocomil , which generally occurs at noon , when the warm winds from the south colliding with cooler air masses coming from the highlands , forming swirls waving the lake making them very strong waves that can capsize boats.
The etymology of Xocomil comes from the voices Cakchiquel Xocom of jocom = collect , il = sins , or the wind picks up the sins of the inhabitants of the villages on the lake shore .

 

Traditions

The owner fair is held at the head of Solola on August 15, and the party called Nim Akij Solola, which means The Great Day is celebrated Solola.
In this department there is a deeply rooted religious syncretism, as revere both Jesus Christ and all the saints of the Catholic church as the God World, to the Lord of the Hill, the spirits of ancestors, etc.. The Catholic church is headed by the bishops and priests, and the ancestral religion by shamans or as they are now called the Maya priests.

In Solola on the worship is done, especially in Santiago Atitlán in known as Maximon, considered as an important element in the religion of the Indians and has also transpired between Ladino, which is revered in several communities in Guatemala image.