• Huehuetenango

  • Huehuetenango

  • Huehuetenango

Huehuetenango is the name of a department of Guatemala , a town of the department , which in turn is the departmental capital .

This department is located in the North - western region of the country and bordered to the north and west by Mexico , south with the departments of San Marcos, Quetzaltenango and Totonicapán , and on the east by the department of El Quiché.

The department of Huehuetenango has a varied topography, with mountains and peaks that exceed 3,850 m in the Sierra de los Cuchumatan lowlands and descend to about 300 meters. Its climate is varied as a result of the large differences in elevation and contour of the terrain.
Commonly called the Cordillera de Los Andes, primarily follows an extensive branch that expands throughout the department. It is known as the Sierra Cuchumatan , reaching its highest elevations in Todos Santos , and Chancol Xemal.

Except Cuilco Mountains and south side of the mountain , separated from it by the valley of the river Selegua hills, one can say that Cuchumatan are integrating the entire mountain and rough training department.

In the department of Huehuetenango for being a hilly terrain and variety of climates, crops are hot and temperate country , as well as cold weather . Among the warm and temperate climate are: coffee , sugar cane , snuff , pepper , cassava , annatto and a variety of fruits , and among the cool weather crops are : cereals like wheat, barley, potatoes , alfalfa , beans , some vegetables, fruit trees own the place, etc.

Coffee Characteristics

The subtropical and humid climate contributes to the coffee beans' beautiful appearance and uniform maturation.  The flowering is homogeneous which results in a winey, high-quality cup.  Also, because it is the one of the three non-volcanic producing regions, it is the highest and driest of all Guatemala’s coffee areas. In this region most producers have their own mill to process their coffee. Fortunately, the region has an almost infinite number of rivers and streams, so a mill can be placed almost anywhere. 

This region produces Strictly Hard Bean (High Grown), very dense.  So for roasting, we recommend to start with a Full City to Full City + (Medium to Medium Dark), or just barely into the second crack.  If you can't hear the cracks, then roast until the beans are smooth and medium dark brown with just the first hint of sheen as the oil emerges.  This coffee roasts very evenly.   These types of coffees are for people who enjoy a bold, crisp coffee with excellent balance and smoothness.  (We are mentioning the roast method for Huehuetenango only because our company, Ensoluna, specializes in Huehuetenango SHB, Micro lot and Single Varity)

In Huehuetenango, Bourbon, Caturra, and Catuai coffee beans are grown.  Harvesting takes place from January to April.

Huehuetenango coffee characteristics are described as intense acidity, full body, crisp, hint of nuttiness and pleasant wine notes.

 Highland Huehue® cup profile
(NOTE : This is a general profile of this region.  The cupping scores will be VERY different from each farm of the region)

History

During pre-Hispanic times , the mam lordship was of the vast geographically , as comprising the departments of Huehuetenango , Totonicapan , Quetzaltenango, San Marcos and the province of Soconusco (now Mexican territory ), but due to the bloody struggles between different domains , this territory was dismembered , especially the invasion of the Quiche under King Quicab known as Quicab big , and their allies the Kaqchikel , forcing Mam to abandon part of his extensive dominions , retreating to mountainous , especially Huehuetenango and San Marcos , but now Mam towns still exist in the department of Quetzaltenango , as in the municipalities of Cabricán , Huitán , San Juan Ostuncalco , Chiquirichapa Concepción , San Martin Sacatepequez and others.

The city of Huehuetenango was founded by Gonzalo de Alvarado in 1524 to complete the conquest of ancient pre-Columbian capital of the Mam : Zaculeu meaning Tierra Blanca. Many descendants of the Mam , still lives in neighboring municipalities and the municipality of Huehuetenango Ruins of ancient ceremonial center Zaculeu people constitute a tourist attraction four kilometers Central City Park .

During the conquest, the Tlaxcalans and Mexica Indians who accompanied the Spaniards , he changed the name Ueuetenango some interpret as the old place , though possibly it was named after the abundance of tree called sabino , which is abundant in the river banks Selegua and in Mexico is known as ahuehuetle , so they called Mexicans ahuehuetles , or Ahuehuetlenango , later changed Ueuetenango , Vevetenango , Güegüetenango , reaching what is now known as Huehuetenango

Information and Places of Interest

About 4 km from the town is the archaeological site Zaculeu, Mam ancient fortress where King kaibil Balam, known for his courage, barricaded against the Spaniards under Captain Gonzalo de Alvarado, who in 1526 forced to surrender more hunger than by force of arms. Columbian Zaculeu was declared a national monument by agreement of the Ministry of Education June 12, 1970.

Zaculeu The name is derived from the Quiche and Cakchiquel voices, zac = white, white, and uleu = land, or white ground.

As natural attraction in Huehuetenango is the source of the river San Juan, one of the most important tourist centers in this department. At the top of the Sierra is the Mirador Cuchumatan Juan Dieguez Olaverri stones and Cap-Tzin.